The Clinical Efficacy of Prostate Cancer Screening in Worldwide and Iran: Narrative Review

Shima Shahyad, Seyed Hassan Saadat, Seyed-Mostafa Hosseini-Zijoud

Abstract


Prostate cancer (CaP) imposes a great health burden on men, while its incidence has significantly increased in recent years. The screening program for CaP is still controversial and recent large trials have failed to present a significant reduction in prostate-specific mortality and all-cause mortality. An entire body of data obtained from worldwide studies conducted on CaP screening is required to better evaluate health policy decisions and patient decision-making. In current review, the clinical efficacy of screening programs on CaP was discussed in numerous parts of the world, such as in the US, Europe, and Asia, to provide an updated screening recommendation. Finally, we discuss about CaP screening status in Iran and update the screening recommendation in Iran.




World J Oncol. 2018;9(1):5-12
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1082w


Keywords


Prostate cancer; Screening program; Digital rectal examination; Prostate-specific antigen; Iran

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