Malignant Retroperitoneal Extra-Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor: A Unique Entity

Shalini Thapar Laroia, Taruna Yadav, Archana Rastogi, Shiv Sarin

Abstract


Extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumors (EGISTs) are a recently described group of tumors. A handful of less than 70 cases have been reported in English literature, so far, to the best of our knowledge. Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal neoplasms of the alimentary canal. EGISTs are a unique entity, which require distinction from GISTs because, even though, they exhibit similar histology and immunohistochemistry to GISTs, they occur outside the gastrointestinal tract, i.e. in omentum, mesentery, retroperitoneum, etc. and have different behavior patterns as far as their prognosis and management are concerned. Retroperitoneal sub-group of EGISTs is extremely rare and we report such a case of primary malignant EGIST of the retroperitoneum which presented as a soft tissue mass on radiological evaluation. The tumor turned out to be a histopathological surprise, and could be distinctively labeled as EGIST only after morphological and immunohistochemical studies. It is imperative for radiologists, pathologists and oncologists, among other clinicians, to be able to recognize and understand the presentation of this group of tumors due to their rapid progression and poor prognosis, so that an early diagnosis and management may be able to improve the final disease outcome.




World J Oncol. 2016;7(2-3):45-50
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/wjon926w


Keywords


Extra-gastrointestinal stromal tumor; Retroperitoneum; Computed tomography; Histopathology; Imaging findings

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