Gustave Roussy Immune Score and Royal Marsden Hospital Prognostic Score Are Biomarkers of Immune-Checkpoint Inhibitor for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Seigo Minami, Shouichi Ihara, Shouko Ikuta, Kiyoshi Komuta


Background: The Gustave Roussy Immune Score (GRIm-Score) and the Royal Marsden Hospital prognostic score (RMH score) were recently developed in order to improve a better participant selection for phase I trials. The GRIm-Score is formed by combination of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), serum albumin concentration, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR). The RMH score is calculated by LDH, albumin, and number of metastases. These two scores have been validated only in phase I trials. The purpose of this study was to assess whether these scores are useful for practical treatment of immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) monotherapy in pretreated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Methods: This was a retrospective and single-centered study of 76 NSCLC patients treated with ICI monotherapy between December 2015 and October 2018 at our hospital. We divided 76 patients into high and low GRIm-Score and RMH score groups. Comparison of overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) was performed by Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests. Independent prognostic factors of OS and PFS were analyzed by multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses.

Results: The OS of the high GRIm-Score group was significantly shorter than that of the low score group (low vs. high; median 19.9 vs. 3.2 months, P < 0.01), while no significant difference was observed in PFS (2.6 vs. 2.1 months, P = 0.13). The PFS of the high RMH score was significantly shorter than that of the low score group (low vs. high; 2.6 vs. 1.8 months, P = 0.01), while there was no significant difference in OS (16.0 vs. 10.4, P = 0.24). Multivariate analyses detected high GRIm-Score (hazard ratio (HR) 3.93, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.04 - 7.58, P < 0.01), and high RMH score (HR 1.76, 95% CI 1.03 - 3.02, P = 0.04) as poor prognostic factors of OS and PFS, respectively.

Conclusions: Baseline GRIm-Score and RMH score were independent prognostic factors of OS and PFS of ICI monotherapy for pretreated NSCLC patients, respectively. These two scores are not only selection biomarkers for patients in experimental trials, but also useful prognostic biomarkers for NSCLC patients practically treated with ICI therapy.

World J Oncol. 2019;10(2):90-100


Gustave Roussy Immune Score; Royal Marsden Hospital prognostic score; Immune-checkpoint inhibitor; Nivolumab; Pembrolizumab; Atezolizumab; Pretreated; Non-small cell lung cancer

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.