Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation Frequency in Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Its Diagnostic Performance in Cytological Samples: A Molecular and Immunohistochemical Study

Niraj Kumari, Shalini Singh, Dhanjit Haloi, Shravan Kumar Mishra, Narendra Krishnani, Alok Nath, Zafar Neyaz


Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation is the most frequent mutation tested in lung cancer for targeted therapy in the era of personalized medicine. Knowledge about EGFR mutation is constantly expanding regarding its frequency, clinicopathological association, advancements in testing methodology and sample requirement. We investigated EGFR mutation frequency in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in North Indian patients and evaluated its diagnostic performance in cytological samples.

Methods: Molecular EGFR testing was done in 250 cases of NSCLC by both real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) (Therascreen) and mutation-specific EGFR immunohistochemistry (IHC). Thirty cases had both cytology samples and biopsy including 20 pleural effusions and 10 fine-needle aspirates. EGFR mutation concordance between pleural effusion and biopsy was studied.

Results: EGFR mutation was overall 31.6% in NSCLC with 36.5% in adenocarcinoma and 15% in squamous cell carcinoma. L858R mutation accounted for 50.7% and DEL19 for 39.3% of total EGFR mutations. Complex mutations were seen in 2% of cases. Sensitivity of mutation-specific EGFR IHC was 48.3% and specificity was 92.3%. L858R showed higher sensitivity (55% vs. 33.3%) but similar specificity (93.2% vs. 91.3%) compared to DEL19. EGFR mutation was successful in 95% of pleural effusion and showed 83.3% concordance with tissue biopsy.

Conclusions: EGFR mutation frequency in North Indian patients was comparable to that of Asia-Pacific region and showed a similar pattern of histological distribution. EGFR mutation in squamous cell carcinomas is increasingly recognized which was 15% in our study. Mutation-specific EGFR IHC shows variable but generally low sensitivity and considering its significant pre- and post-analytical variables, it should be highly discouraged in patient management. Cytological samples may not only serve as suitable alternative but may be complementary to tissue biopsies.

World J Oncol. 2019;10(3):142-150
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1204


EGFR; Pleural effusion; Mutation-specific IHC; Squamous cell carcinoma; NSCLC

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.