A Review of Localized Prostate Cancer: An African Perspective

Ayun Cassell, Bashir Yunusa, Mohamed Jalloh, Mouhamadou M. Mbodji, Abdourahmane Diallo, Madina Ndoye, Saint Charles Kouka, Issa Labou, Lamine Niang, Serigne M. Gueye

Abstract


Prostate cancer is the second most common malignancy in males and the sixth leading cause of cancer mortality in men with a relatively higher death rate in men of African descent. In the United States and other parts of Europe, more than 80% of diagnosed prostate cancer is localized, and 80-90% of these men receive some form of treatment. The projected data may not be a direct reflection of the disease in the sub-Saharan region as less than 40% presents with localized disease. Results from prostate cancer screening have shown that most African men in the sub-region have little knowledge of the disease. There are recommended international guidelines for the management of localized prostate cancer, however, a guideline in a local context could be ideal.




World J Oncol. 2019;10(4-5):162-168
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1221

Keywords


Active surveillance; Localized prostate cancer; Prostate specific antigen; Radical prostatectomy

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