Hypercalcemia in T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma: An Unusual Presentation of a Rare Disease and Literature Review

Gabriella A. Conte, Jonathan S. Harmon, Marjolein L. Le, Xiu Sun, Jake W. Schuler, Michael J. Levitt, Angelo A. Chinnici, Mohammad A. Hossain


T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (THRLBCL) is an extremely rare morphologic subtype of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), accounting for only 1-3% of total cases. It is considered an aggressive lymphoma with a poor prognosis. Hypercalcemia has been described as an uncommon presenting symptom of patients with DLBCL in several case reports. Here, we report an unusual case of severe hypercalcemia in a patient who was ultimately diagnosed with T-cell/histiocyte-rich B-cell lymphoma. A 69-year-old male patient presented to our hospital with nausea, vomiting, weakness and unintentional weight loss. His initial blood tests showed a serum calcium level of 16.1 mg/dL and serum creatinine level of 3.25 mg/dL. He had high intact parathyroid hormone (PTH, 6.8 pg/mL), mildly elevated 25-hydroxyvitamin D and serum PTH-related peptide (PTHrP). To exclude malignancy, computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest, abdomen and pelvis were performed which were unremarkable. A bone marrow biopsy was performed to detect any hidden hematologic malignancy which showed large mononuclear cells with prominent nucleoli and occasional Reed-Sternberg cells, consistent with the diagnosis of THRLBCL. Subsequent positron emission tomography demonstrated diffuse fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake. This case reports a unique presentation of a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. We highlight the importance of pursuing a thorough workup for causes of hypercalcemia as well as understanding the underlying mechanisms of severe hypercalcemia in malignancy.

World J Oncol. 2019;10(6):231-236
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1246


Hypercalcemia; T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma; Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; Malignancy

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.