Gustave Roussy Immune Score and Royal Marsden Hospital Prognostic Score Are Prognostic Markers for Extensive Disease of Small Cell Lung Cancer

Seigo Minami, Shouichi Ihara, Kiyoshi Komuta

Abstract


Background: The Royal Marsden Hospital prognostic score (RMH score) and the Gustave Roussy immune score (GRIm-score) were developed in order to select more suitable patient for phase I trials. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum albumin concentration are common risk factors to these two systems. As the third risk factor, the RMH score and the GRIm-score adopt number of metastatic sites and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), respectively. We aimed to investigate whether these two systems are also useful for extensive disease of small cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC).

Methods: We retrospectively collected 128 patients who had initiated platinum-based chemotherapy at our hospital between September 2007 and March 2018. We divided our patients into low (score 0 - 1) and high (2 - 3) score groups, and compared overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) between them. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard analyses found prognostic factors of survival times.

Results: Regarding GRIm-score, OS was significantly shorter in high score group than in low score group (median 6.1 vs. 11.4 months, P < 0.01), while no significant difference was observed in PFS (median 4.7 vs. 5.0 months, P = 0.12). Both OS (median 6.9 vs. 12.4 months, P < 0.01) and PFS (median 4.4 vs. 5.4 months, P = 0.01) were significantly shorter in high RMH score group than in low group. Multivariate analyses detected both high GRIm-score (hazard ratio (HR) 1.80, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.20 - 2.72, P < 0.01) and high RMH score (HR 1.93, 95% CI 1.27 - 2.92, P < 0.01) as independent worse prognostic factors of OS, and then only high RMH score (HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.04 - 2.25, P = 0.03) as independent worse prognostic factor of PFS.

Conclusions: Both RMH score and GRIm-score are useful as independent prognostic factors of OS in ED-SCLC. However, only RMH score is an independent prognostic factor of PFS.




World J Oncol. 2020;11(3):98-105
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1275

 


Keywords


Gustave Roussy immune score; Royal Marsden Hospital prognostic score; Extensive disease; Small cell lung cancer; Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio; Number of metastatic sites; Lactate dehydrogenase; Serum albumin

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.