The Association of Human Cytomegalovirus Infection and Colorectal Cancer: A Clinical Analysis

Brittany Nagel, Lexi Frankel, Amalia Ardeljan, Matthew Cardeiro, Selena Rashid, Kazuaki Takabe, Omar M. Rashid


Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) commonly infects humans and establishes lifelong infection. It causes disease and increased mortality rates in patients with immunosuppression. HCMV gene products are found to be present in multiple human malignancies and target cellular functions involved in tumor development; additionally, a tumor-cytoreductive role of CMV has also been observed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between CMV infection and the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC).

Methods: The data were provided by a national database that is compliant with Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). Using International Classification of Disease (ICD)-10 and ICD-9 diagnostic codes, the data were filtered to evaluate patients infected with HCMV versus patients never infected with HCMV. Patient data from 2010 to 2019 were assessed. Access to the database was granted by Holy Cross Health, Fort Lauderdale for the purpose of academic research. Standard statistical methods were used.

Results: Between January 2010 and December 2019, the query was analyzed and resulted in 14,235 patients after matching in the infected and control groups. The groups were matched by age range, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) score, and treatment. The incidence of CRC was 1.159% (165 patients) in the HCMV group and 2.845% (405 patients) in the control group. The difference after matching was statistically significant by a P-value < 2.2 × 10-16 with an odds ratio of 0.37 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.32 - 0.42).

Conclusions: The study shows a statistically significant correlation between CMV infection and a reduced incidence of CRC. Further evaluation is recommended to assess the potential of CMV in reducing CRC incidence.

World J Oncol. 2023;14(2):119-124


Colorectal cancer; Cytomegalovirus; Herpesvirus; Tumor progression

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.