Curcumin Induces Apoptosis in EJ Bladder Cancer Cells via Modulating C-Myc and PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway

Jingyu Wang, Zhiping Wang, Hanzhang Wang, Junli Zhao, Zhewen Zhang

Abstract


Background: Cancer chemopreventive agent curcumin has been shown to possess cell growth inhibition and apoptosis induction properties in several types of cancer. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms of the compound remain far from clear in EJ bladder cancer cells.

Methods: The effect of curcumin on EJ cell growth and apoptosis was detected by MTT assays and flow cytometry. The phosphorylation levels of PTEN, PDK1, Akt, GSK-3β, c-Raf, and Bad and the expression levels of c-myc, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-9, caspase-7, caspase-3, and PARP following curcumin administration were examined by immunoblots.

Results: Curcumin suppressed the growth of EJ cells in a time and concentration dependent manner. Immunoblot showed that curcumin increased expression levels of c-myc and inhibited the activation of PI3K/Akt pathway in a time-dependent manner in EJ cells. Activation of PTEN, GSK-3β, c-Raf, caspase-9, caspase-7, and caspase-3, cleavage of PARP, upregulation of Bad and Bax, and downregulation of Akt and Bcl-2 were also found in curcumin-treated EJ cells.

Conclusions: These findings establish a mechanistic linkup or interaction between c-myc, Bax, Bad, Bcl-2, caspase cascades, PI3K/Akt pathway and curcumin- induced apoptosis of EJ cells, suggesting that c-myc and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway play important roles in curcumin-induced apoptosis of EJ bladder cancer cells.




doi:10.4021/wjon335w

 


Keywords


Curcumin; C-myc; PI3K/Akt signaling pathway; Bax; Caspase; Apoptosis; Bladder cancer

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