Female Body Mass Index and its Relationship With Triple Negative Breast Cancer and Ethnicity

Khurram Bilal Tariq, Fauzia Rana

Abstract


Background: Breast cancer in women is a relatively common malignancy in the western hemisphere and is perhaps one of the leading causes of mortality among females. We conducted a retrospect cohort study to investigate the association of body mass index (BMI) with triple negative breast cancer and ethnicity.

Methods: Tumor Registry Database at the University of Florida, College of Medicine in Jacksonville was utilized for our cohort study. A total of 84 women with triple negative breast cancer, between 2004 and 2008 met our criteria and were selected for this study. For comparison, another 83 women with at least one hormone receptors positive breast cancer were randomly selected in the same time period. Chi-square testing was used to evaluate categorical variables, while the t-test analysis was used to analyze for the continuous variables.

Results: Our data demonstrated that 27.4% of the triple negative group had BMI < 25 compared to the 14.5% of non-triple negative breast cancer, 73.6% of the triple negative group had BMI ≥ 25 compared to 86.5% in the non-triple negative group with a P-value of 0.245. In terms of ethnicity, triple negative breast cancer was found in 56% of African-American and 44% of Caucasian females. Non-triple negative breast cancer was found in 48.2% of African-Americans and 51.8% of Caucasians females with a P-value of 0.354.

Conclusions: We were not able to show any statistically significant association of body mass index triple with triple negative breast cancer or ethnicity. While our findings are not in agreement with the research published earlier, we do submit that our retrospective cohort study has shortcomings, including the small sample size pooled from a single center, which greatly limits our ability to deduce any definitive conclusions. In light of these shortcomings, we recommend a future multicenter study with a larger sample size.




World J Oncol • 2013;4(4-5):188-193
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4021/wjon709w


Keywords


BMI; Breast cancer; Triple negative breast cancer; Overweight; Obesity

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