Amplification of Genomic DNA for Decoy Receptor 3 Predicts Post-Resection Disease Recurrence in Breast Cancer Patients

Chizuko Kanbayashi, Yu Koyama, Hiroshi Ichikawa, Eiko Sakata, Miki Hasegawa, Chie Toshikawa, Naoko Manba, Mayuko Ikarashi, Takashi Kobayashi, Masahiro Minagawa, Shin-ichi Kosugi, Toshifumi Wakai

Abstract


Background: Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, shows inhibitory effects on Fas-mediated apoptosis. Currently, data are lacking on the correlation between DcR3 and the recurrence of breast cancer. The authors examined DcR3 mRNA expression and genomic amplification in breast cancer, and investigated the effect of DcR3 gene amplification on prognosis of patients.

Methods: A total of 95 patients formed the basis of the current retrospective study. DcR3 mRNA expression in breast cancer tissues was examined by RNase protection assay and in situ hybridization. DcR3 gene amplification was examined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The correlation between DcR3 gene amplification status and clinicopathological factors was examined and also the relationship between DcR3-Amp and relapse and survival.

Results: The relative copy numbers of DcR3 genomic DNA correlated significantly with the levels of DcR3 mRNA expression (ρ = 0.755, P = 0.0067). In addition, lymphatic invasion correlated significantly with DcR3 gene amplification (P = 0.012). However, there was no correlation between the remaining clinicopathological factors and DcR3 gene amplification. In the univariate analysis, the recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate of patients who were positive for DcR3 gene amplification was significantly lower than that of patients who were negative for DcR3 gene amplification (P = 0.0271). Multivariate analysis showed that DcR3 gene amplification (P = 0.028) and disease stage (P < 0.001) remained significant independent predictors of RFS.

Conclusions: DcR3 gene amplification was significantly correlated with lymphatic invasion, and also DcR3 gene amplification predicts recurrence after resection, which may be an important prognostic factor in breast cancer patients.




World J Oncol. 2014;5(1):14-23

doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/wjon764w


Keywords


DcR3; Breast cancer; Fas-mediated apoptosis; Recurrence-free survival

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