Utility of SOX2 and Livin Co-Expression in the Prognosis of Bladder Cancer With Bilharzial and Non-Bilharzial Bladder Status

Mariana Fathy Gayyed, Ehab Rifat Tawfiek


Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of SOX2, a key transcription factor and livin, an apoptotic inhibitor in bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Moreover, their prognostic significance was assessed.

Methods: The expressions of SOX2 and livin in 82 TCC and 35 SCC cases were detected by immunohistochemistry.

Results: SOX2 and livin were over-expressed in tumor tissues as compared to the corresponding adjacent non-neoplastic tissues. SOX2 and livin expressions were significantly associated with high tumor grade (P = 0.002 and P = 0.007, respectively) and high tumor stage (P = 0.027 and P = 0.033, respectively). No significant correlation was found between tumor and other clinicopathological factors such as age, gender and schistosomal status. Univariate analysis revealed that TCC and SCC patients with high SOX2 or livin expressions were significantly related to overall survival (P < 0.001, P = 0.025 for TCC patients and P = 0.041, P = 0.021 for SCC patients, respectively). Multivariate survival analysis further demonstrated that SOX2 expression was an independent prognostic factor for TCC patients (P = 0.015).

Conclusions: SOX2 and livin may contribute to the progression of bladder carcinoma. SOX2/livin pathway regulates cancer stem cell survival so it could be targeting as an effective therapeutic strategy for cancer treatment.

World J Oncol. 2015;6(5):446-455
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/wjon942w


SOX2; Livin; TCC; SCC; Immunohistochemistry

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.