1-Pamitoyl-2-Linoleoyl-3-Acetyl-rac-Glycerol May Reduce Incidence of Gemcitabine-Induced Neutropenia: A Pilot Case-Controlled Study

Dongwook Oh, Myung-Hwan Kim, Tae Jun Song, Charles J. Cho, Kwangwoo Nam, Min Keun Cho, Joo Hyun Chun, Kyoungwon Jung, Kyu-pyo Kim, Jae Wha Kim

Abstract


Background: Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia (CIN) may compromise planned chemotherapy, resulting in severe infection, dose reduction or delayed treatment. Orally administered 1-pamitoyl-2-linoleoyl-3-acetyl-rac-glycerol (PLAG) is a synthetic monoacetyldiglyceride, a product found in the antlers of sika deer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PLAG for the prevention of CIN.

Methods: A total of 48 patients with unresectable pancreatic cancer received gemcitabine-based palliative chemotherapy. Among those patients, 16 patients received PLAG (500 mg) twice daily from the start of chemotherapy to the completion.

Results: The PLAG group showed a significantly lower incidence of neutropenia (absolute neutrophil count < 1,500 cells/mm3, grade 2-4), as compared to the control group (37.5% vs. 81.3%, P < 0.05). The absolute neutrophil counts (ANCs) of the PLAG group significantly less decreased from the baseline level compared to those of the control group (P < 0.05) and this significant difference in the reduction percentage of ANCs between the two groups was sustained throughout the courses of chemotherapy. No adverse events related to PLAG were observed.

Conclusions: PLAG was shown to be clinically effective and safe in reducing the incidence of CIN in pancreatic cancer patients receiving gemcitabine-based chemotherapy.




World J Oncol. 2015;6(4):410-415
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/wjon937e


Keywords


Pancreatic cancer; Chemotherapy-induced neutropenia; Gemcitabine; G-CSF; PLAG

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.