Role of Topotecan in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Review of Literature

Adarsh Vennepureddy, Jean-Paul Atallah, Terenig Terjanian

Abstract


Topotecan (TPT), a chemotherapeutic agent, is a topoisomerase-I inhibitor. Topoisomerase-I is a nuclear enzyme that relieves torsion strain in DNA by opening single strand breaks which helps in DNA replication. TPT inhibits this enzyme, thus preventing DNA replication and causes cell death. TPT has demonstrated to have broad spectrum of antitumor activity in tumors like cervical, ovarian, endometrial and small cell lung cancers (SCLCs). The intravenous (IV) formulation of the drug is currently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with SCLC and ovarian cancer at a dose of 1.5 mg/m2 administered daily for five consecutive days, with treatment cycles repeated every 3 weeks. TPT has shown some promising activity in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with favorable side effect profile. Several clinical trials have been conducted with TPT in either IV or oral formulation for the treatment of NSCLC as a first or second-line treatment. Here we reviewed all the clinical trials done with TPT to date in the treatment of NSCLC both as a single-agent and combination therapy.




World J Oncol. 2015;6(5):429-436
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/wjon950e

Keywords


Non-small cell lung cancer; Topotecan; Clinical trials; Tumor response

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