Vestibular Schwanomma: An Experience in a Developing World

Prakash Bahadur Thapa, Sudha Shahi, Rajiv Kumar Jha, Deependra Shrestha

Abstract


Background: Tumors related to the acoustic nerves represent 90% of cerebellopontine angle diseases and have been in the picture for at least 200 years. Famous as acoustic neuromas and vestibular neuromas, these are usually benign, slow-growing tumors of Schwann cells of the myelin sheath. Surgery is the treatment of choice though some authors have suggested “wait and watch” policy. The aims of our study were to study the clinical presentation and management of the tumors, and to evaluate the perioperative outcomes of the surgery.

Methods: A retrospective review of the datasheet of 33 patients diagnosed with vestibular schwanomma who had undergone surgery from January 2014 to January 2017 was performed in National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. Analysis of the demographic data and perioperative outcomes was performed.

Results: Hearing loss was the main presenting symptom in 72% cases followed by tinnitus, dizziness, facial numbness and sudden sensorineural hearing loss. Mean tumur size was 39.7 ± 3 mm. The mean age of the patients was 46 ± 3 years with a female preponderance (1.2:1). In particular, the retrosigmoid route was preferred in all the cases since it was the most employed approach at our center and 63% of the tumors presented to us were grade 5. The surgical techniques allowed safe preservation of the facial function which was 93%. The hearing loss did not improve after the surgery in 94% while it worsened in 6% of cases. We did not find any significant relation between outcome and size, age, gender or laterality of the tumor (P > 0.05). There was no perioperative mortality.

Conclusions: The benign and slow-growing nature of vestibular schwanomma usually poses problems for the early diagnosis and treatment especially in a poor resource setting like ours. Likewise, there are very few studies so far done in the country regarding the incidence and management of the disease. Thus, this study might be helpful in providing insight into the occurrence of the disease in the present scenario and the need for much more studies in the future.




World J Oncol. 2019;10(2):118-122
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/wjon1195


Keywords


Neuroma; Vestibular schwannoma; Hearing loss; Management

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.wjon.org   editorial contact: editor@wjon.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.