Acute Kidney Injury After Cytoreductive Surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy in a Portuguese Population

Eduarda Carias, Hugo Ferreira, Teresa Chuva, Ana Paiva, Jose Maximino


Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cytoreductive surgery followed by the infusion of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS/HIPEC) is associated with a higher rate of major complications, resulting in prolonged hospitalization and increased mortality. Our objective was to evaluate the incidence of AKI and further progression to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients submitted to this procedure and recognize the associated risk factors.

Methods: This retrospective study collected demographic, tumor-related, intraoperative, and postoperative data from 182 patients who underwent CRS/HIPEC from January 2016 to December 2019. Renal impairment was defined according to Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes criteria for AKI. We conducted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses to assess the association between variables of interest and AKI.

Results: Twenty-three patients (12.6%) developed AKI. In the AKI group, the risk for developing CKD was six times higher (odds ratio (OR) 6.48, confidence interval (CI) 1.601 - 26.255). Multivariate regression identified higher risk of developing AKI in patients who underwent HIPEC with cisplatin (OR 12.21, CI 1.26 - 109.70, P = 0.025), in each additional day spent in the intensive care unit (ICU) (OR 2.42, CI 1.07 - 5.45, P = 0.033), and an association for each unit increase in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) before HIPEC (OR 0.96, CI 0.94 - 0.98, P = 0.037) and AKI development.

Conclusion: Patients who are at higher risk of AKI after CRS/HIPEC include those who performed cisplatin HIPEC regimen, had poorer preoperative renal function and had longer ICU stays. Early institution of preventive measures and frequent monitoring should be considered to minimize AKI risk and its associated morbidity, such as CKD progression.

World J Oncol. 2022;13(6):370-378


Acute kidney injury; Intraoperative chemotherapy; Nephrotoxicity; Platinum agents; Chronic kidney disease

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



World Journal of Oncology, bimonthly, ISSN 1920-4531 (print), 1920-454X (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.